Je viens de lire une publication tres interessante sur USA Today sur le risque plus eleve de cancer du col de l'uterus chez la femme dont le mari ou partenaire n'est pas circoncis. Pour ceux/ celles qui lisent l'anglais, je fais un "copier-coller" ci dessus:
Circumcision lowers risk of cervical cancer
By Rita Rubin, USA TODAY
Women whose sexual partners are circumcised are
less likely to develop cervical cancer than the partners of
uncircumcised men, concludes a report out today.
The difference was statistically significant
only in the partners of men considered to be at high risk for infection
with human papillomavirus, or HPV, according to the study in The New
England Journal of Medicine. Such men had had at least six sexual
partners in their lifetime, beginning before age 17.
HPV causes genital warts in men and women, and
certain strains cause virtually all cervical cancers. HPV also has been
linked to cancers of the vagina, anus and penis.
The new report is based on 1,913 couples in five
countries. All were married or in a stable relationship for at least
six months. Half of the women had cervical cancer, and 370 of the men
were circumcised. Worldwide, an estimated one in four men are
Researchers interviewed all of the men and got
samples of penile cells from 1,524. The scientists tested the samples
After accounting for such factors as age at
first intercourse and lifetime number of sexual partners, circumcised
men were only about a third as likely as uncircumcised men to test
positive for HPV. The authors speculate that circumcision, which
involves removal of the foreskin, minimizes the area of the penis
vulnerable to HPV infection.
On the whole, partners of circumcised men were
about 25% less likely to have cervical cancer than partners of
uncircumcised men, a difference that was not statistically significant.
But among women in relationships with men at high risk for HPV, those
with circumcised partners were 80% less likely to have cervical cancer.
Co-author Keerti Shah, a virologist at the Johns
Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health in Baltimore, notes that
other research suggests that circumcision also reduces men's risk of
infection with HIV, the virus that causes AIDS.
"This may be something that may be true for many
sexually transmitted infections," Shah says.
He and his co-authors write that more research
is needed to determine whether routine circumcision could reduce the
risks of HIV, HPV and other sexually transmitted diseases.
In 1999, an American Academy of Pediatrics task
force concluded that the medical benefits "are not sufficient to
recommend routine neonatal circumcision."
From 1979 to 1999, the proportion of circumcised
U.S. newborns remained around 65%.
Anti-circumcision groups argue that the
procedure causes unnecessary pain in newborns and adversely affects